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雅思寫作大作文之性別類話題的那些事

作者: 2020-08-27 14:20 來源:沈陽編輯
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在各位考鴨準備大作文話題素材時,會把大量的時間和精力放在最??嫉娜愒掝}:教育,政府職能及科技類。但就出題的概率來說,每年都會至少出現一次關于性別類方面的考題??忌媾R的困惑是無法在短暫的時間想出合乎常理的分論點,更不用說如何進行有效的論證了?,F在我們來嘗試利用一道真題來幫助大家梳理思路及表達,以達到快速解題及觸類旁通的效果。 


一、真題回顧


Men and women employed in full-time jobs should share equally the responsibilities of household chores. Do you agree or disagree?  ( 2018/09/15) 


二、分論點的構思


題目中的核心名詞為分擔家務,參與對象為男性與女性。根據題干的參與對象,我們就可以構建出分論點的兩個思考維度。


1.如果各位考鴨贊成這個觀點,就可以提及女性有更多的工作參與度,提高成就感。從雙方角度來說,彼此之間的感情就會加深。


2.如果各位同學反對這個觀點,可以提及男性及女性可能有自己的優點和劣勢,例如女性更加耐心,做家務效率可能會更高。同時也可表達家務的分擔也要取決于每個人的工作量,完全平均分配可能不太合理。


大家可以根據自己對這道題目的理解,排列組合成自己的提綱。


三、參考提綱


Position: agree


Body Paragraph 1: 


Indeed, there may be good arguments for females to share the bigger proportion of housework. 


women ----- more patient ----- maternal instinct ----- main responsibility of raising children


men ----- decision making ----- of great executive ability ----- be supposed to focus on business


Body Paragraph 2: 


However, there is logic that married couples should shoulder the housework equally, since it shows the gender equality as well as alleviates the inequality of other areas.


1.men ----- get involved in housework ----- narrow gender gap ----- realize zero gender gap


2.workplace ----- women ----- at a disadvantage ----- when they are pregnant ----- men ----- share responsibilities ----- allow women to be more concentrate on their job ----- improve job prospects


四、主體段的寫作


分論點: 倘若一半的家務可以被丈夫承擔,女性在職場的參與度將會增加。論證: 在寫作的過程中,常用到的三種論述方法為因果論證,舉例論證和反面推理。當然這道題目也可以使用三種論述方法結合來完成一個主體段的寫作。


1.反面論證: 由于不用花大量的時間在做飯和打掃上,她們得到升職的概率會大大增加。句型句式可以使用if 引導的條件狀語從句。英文表達有the likelihood of promotion 


2.舉例論證: 一些家務活,如修建花園,維護及修理工作,對體力要求是比較大的, 運用這些例子回應家務活都包含什么,讓考官形成畫面感。


英文表達有yard work, maintenance, and repairs.


3.因果論證: 如果這些工作被丈夫承擔,妻子將會遭受更少的家庭責任。 結果是她們可能在工作時,頭腦更加清醒,體力更加充沛,能夠積累更多的工作經驗。 英文表達有suffer from fewer obligations, fresher mind, energetic, accumulate more working experience. 


這樣一個邏輯清晰且論述充分的主體段就形成了。 


英文參考: 


Females’ involvement in the workforce might increase if half of their responsibility for housework is shared by the husband. When women’s conventional jobs in the house are shared by the husband, the wife could gain extra time for work, contributing to career development. It is therefore understandable that higher chance of promotion could be guaranteed for the wife than before when females have to devote themselves to a large amount of housework ranging from cooking to cleaning. Additionally, some household chores are physically demanding, such as yard work, maintenance, and repairs. If these jobs at home are completed by the husband, the wife would bear less housing responsibility. Consequently, she could stay a fresher mind and be more energetic while working, thereby accumulating more working experience.


五、知識遷移


In some countries, more and more fathers are staying at home to look after children, while mothers work full time. What are the reasons and is it a positive or negative development? (2017/12/14)


相信各位考鴨們經過上一道真題的洗禮過后,對于這個題目的認知應該上升到了一個新的高度。論點是尤其相似的: 一方面,在當今社會越來越多的人接受了性別平等的理念。另一方面, 從基因角度來說,父親更為理性,他們照看的孩子邏輯思維會得到更多的鍛煉。


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