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GRE閱讀技巧——破解GRE閱讀理解系列(九)

作者: 2020-06-18 16:34 來源:沈陽編輯
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Great comic art is never other-worldly, it does not seek to mystify us, and it does not deny ambiguity by branding as evil whatever differs from good. Great comic artists assume that truth may bear all lights, and thus they seek to accentuate contradictions in social action, not gloss over or transcend them by appeals to extra-social symbols of divine ends, cosmic purpose, or laws of nature. The moment of transcendence in great comic art is a social moment, born out of the conviction that we are human, even though we try to be gods. The comic community to which artists address themselves is a community of reasoning, loving, joyful, compassionate beings, who are willing to assume the human risks of acting rationally. Without invoking gods or demons, great comic art arouses courage in reason, courage which grows out of trust in what human beings can do as humans.


other-worldly = 超脫世俗的


mystify = 使困惑


branding as evil whatever differs from good = branding whatever differs from good as evil。那么為什么會出現原文的那種的語序呢?其實是為了方便理解,因為whatever differs from good這個整體太長了,隔在brand 和as中間反而影響理解。于是,就說明brand as evil,再說明as evil的是什么,是whatever differs from good。


accentuate = 強調


gloss over = 掩蓋


The passage suggests that great comic art can be characterized as optimistic about the ability of humans to


(A) rid themselves of pride (文中沒有任何信息提及或相關。)


(B) transcend the human condition(文中說了NOT gloss over or transcend,于是沖突了。)


(C) differentiate clearly between good and evil(文中說了NOT deny ambiguity,怎么會是clearly。)


(D) avoid social conflicts (文中沒有任何信息提及或相關。)


(E) act rationally (文中最后出現了who are willing to assume the human risks of acting rationally和arouses courage in reason。)


It can be inferred from the passage that the author admires great comic artists primarily for their


(A) ability to understand the frequently subtle differences between good and evil (沖突于文中的NOT deny ambiguity by branding as evil whatever differs from good)


(B) ability to reconcile the contradictions in human behavior (沖突于文中的accentuate contradictions)


(C) ability to distinguish between rational and irrational behavior (文中沒有任何信息提及或相關。)


(D) insistence on confronting the truth about the human condition(符合文中的the conviction that we are human, even though we try to be gods)


(E) insistence on condemning human faults and weaknesses (文中沒有任何信息提及或相關。)


Which of the following is the most accurate description of the organization of the passage?


(結構題的答題關鍵:選項中的 1)籠統化的抽象名詞 以及 2)描述這些名詞之間邏輯關系的詞)


(A) A sequence of observations leading to a prediction


(抽象名詞:observations、a prediction。邏輯關系詞:leading to,說明了這些抽象名詞所表示的信息出現的邏輯(常見的是信息出現的順序,但不限于此):observations在先,a prediction在后。如果一個選項是正確的,必須同時滿足:1)籠統化的抽象名詞是濃縮了原文信息的性質的,2)描述結構的詞是符合原文的邏輯的(再說一遍:常見的是信息出現的順序,雖然不限于此)。


(B) A list of inferences drawn from facts stated at the beginning of the passage  (抽象名詞:inferences、facts。邏輯關系詞:drawn from,說明:facts在先,inferences在后。)


(C) A series of assertions related to one general subject(抽象名詞:assertions、one general subject。邏輯關系詞:related to,不表示順序關系,表示“總—分”或者“分—總”關系。)


(D) A statement of the major idea, followed by specific examples (抽象名詞:the major ideas、specific examples。邏輯關系詞:followed by,說明:the major ideas在先,specific examples在后)


(E) A succession of ideas moving from specific to general (一眼便知,無需贅述)


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